Civil War in Karelian Regions of Russia: Challenges and Opportunities of Research

  • Marina Vituhnovskaja-Kauppala University of Helsinki
Keywords: Civil war, Karelian issue, Finland, historiography, intervention, Karelian regiment, Karelian Labor Commune


The paper is concerned with the history and historiography of the Civil War in Karelian regions of the Russian North-West (1918–1922). Karelians were at the epicenter of the influence of several political and armed forces and they were compelled to choose a line of political behavior. The main part of the population of North Karelia (Viena Karjala region) has chosen a strategy of self-isolation and the quasi-nation building strategy, which was not viable.